21 弟兄要把弟兄，父親要把兒子，送到死地；兒女要與父母為敵，害死他們； 22 並且你們要為我的名被眾人恨惡。惟有忍耐到底的必然得救。23 有人在這城裏逼迫你們，就逃到那城裏去。我實在告訴你們，以色列的城邑，你們還沒有走遍，人子就到了。 The Holy Bible. Chinese Union Version., Shangti Edition, Traditional Script. (Hong Kong: Hong Kong Bible Society, 2005), Mt 10:16–23.
Presbyterian history is part of the history of Christianity, but the beginning of Presbyterianism as a distinct movement occurred during the 16th-century Protestant Reformation. Presbyterianism was especially influenced by the French theologian John Calvin, who is credited with the development of Reformed theology, and the work of John Knox, a Scotsman and a Roman Catholic Priest, who studied with Calvin in Geneva, Switzerland. He brought back Reformed teachings to Scotland.
堂會（Session） 長老會是以長老組成的議會的（被稱為：法庭courts）來治理的。教導長老和治理長老是被按立並召開最低階層的會議，就是堂會。並任命書記（clerk）記錄每一個會議紀錄。 Presbyterian government is by councils (known as courts) of elders. Teaching and ruling elders are ordained and convene in the lowest council known as a session. . A clerk is appointed by the session to record the minutes of each meeting.
會員（Membership） 教會的會員是由聖餐會員（Communicant members）和洗禮會員（Baptized members）所組成。領聖餐會員是那些已經受過洗禮並且宣告信心和接受教會會員宣誓內容者。他們可以領聖餐並在會員會議中有投票權。 Membership of a congregation is made up of Communicant members and Baptized members. Communicant members are those who have been baptized and made a profession of faith and assented to the vows of church membership. They may partake of the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper and may vote at congregational meetings.
洗禮會員（Baptized members） 洗禮會員是那些已經領受洗禮者。聖餐會員的兒女必須領受洗禮。他們不能領主餐在會員會議中也沒有投票權。 Baptized members are those who have received the sacrament of baptism. Infant children of communicant members are to receive the sacrament of baptism. They are not eligible to receive the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper nor vote in congregational meetings.
追隨者（Adherents） 經常參與教會但尚未加入成為會員者。 Adherents are those who attend on a regular basis but have not entered into full membership.
Teaching elders (pastors) have responsibility for teaching, worship, and performing sacraments. Pastors are called by individual congregations. A congregation issues a call for the pastor's service, but this call must be ratified by the local presbytery. The pastor is then ordained and/or installed by the presbytery. The Pastor is a Teaching Elder, and voting member and Moderator of the Session. A clerk is appointed by the session to record the minutes of each meeting.
治理長老（Ruling Elder） 治理長老是平信徒，並受到地方教會會眾的呼召。此呼召經由地方堂會批准，然後由堂會按立或設立長老。治理長老在堂會中具投票權。 Ruling elders are laymen who are also called by the local congregation. That call is ratified by the local session who will then ordain and/or install the elder.
執事（Deacons） 執事是由地方教會會眾呼召出來的平信徒弟兄或姐妹。此呼召受到地方堂會的批准，然後由堂會按立或設立執事。 Deacons are laymen or lay women who are called by the local congregation. That call is ratified by the local session. The deacon is then ordained and/or installed by the session.
區會（Presbyteries） 區會，在堂會之上，具區域性的職責。區會是由組成該區域的眾教會的教導長老和治理長老們所組織的議事法庭。爾灣聖徒改革宗長老會是屬於「太平洋海岸區會」（The Pacific Coast Presbytery）的一部分。太平洋海岸區會的眾教會位於：亞利桑那州鳳凰城（Phoenix, Arizona）；加州聖地牙哥（San Diego, California）；加州毘利亞（Brea California）；加州爾灣（Irvine, California）；加州洛杉磯（Los Angeles, California）；內華達州弗雷斯諾（Reno, Nevada）；內華達州拉斯維加斯（Las Vegas, Nevada）；華盛頓州西雅圖（Seattle, Washington）；英屬哥倫比亞斯闊米什（Squamish, British Columbia）。請為更多教會在此廣大的地區興起而禱告。 Above the sessions exist presbyteries, which have area responsibilities. These are composed of teaching elders and ruling elders from each of the constituent congregations. ASRPC, Irvine is a part of the Pacific Coast Presbytery. The Pacific Coast Presbytery consists of churches in San Diego, CA; Phoenix, AZ, Brea, CA; Los Angeles, CA; Las Vegas, NV; Fresno, CA; Seattle, WA; and Squamish, BC. Pray for more churches in this vast area.
總會（Synod） 教會也要差派代表（一位教導長老和一位治理長老）參加範圍更廣的宗派會議，稱為「總會」。不具地方教會教牧職分的教導長老也需要參加總會會議。今年爾灣聖徒改革宗長老會（ASRPCI）將由牧師和暫時長老參加於6月26日到29日在印第安納州舉行的主會議。 Congregations also send representatives (one teaching elder and one ruling elder) to a broader denominational assembly, known as a synod. Teaching elders who do not hold a pastorate position in a local congregation are also eligible to attend synod. The delegates to Synod from Irvine this year will be your pastor, Hsing Tang and your provisional elder, Howard Huizing. This year’s meeting of Synod will be in Indiana from June26 through June 29. Presbyteries will also meet during that time.