Quest. 31. What is effectual calling? Ans. 31. Effectual calling is the work of God's Spirit, whereby, convincing us of our sin and misery, enlightening our minds in the knowledge of Christ, and renewing our wills,(4) he doth persuade and enable us to embrace Jesus Christ, freely offered to us in the gospel.
Quest. 32. What benefits do they that are effectually called partake of in this life? Ans. 32. They that are effectually called do in this life partake of justification, adoption, and sanctification, and the several benefits which in this life do either accompany or flow from them. 三十三問：什麽是稱義？ 答：稱義是上帝的作爲，出於他白白的恩典，由此而赦免我們一切的罪，並悅納我們爲義人，這僅是因爲基督的義歸於我們，且惟獨用信心才能接受的 。
Quest. 33. What is justification? Ans. 33. Justification is an act of God's free grace, wherein he pardoneth all our sins, and accepteth us as righteous in his sight, only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us, and received by faith alone.
Quest. 35. What is sanctification? Ans. 35. Sanctification is the work of God's free grace,(1) whereby we are renewed in the whole man after the image of God,(2) and are enabled more and more to die unto sin, and live unto righteousness.(3)