Ans. 31. Effectual calling is the work of God's Spirit, whereby, convincing us of our sin and misery, enlightening our minds in the knowledge of Christ, and renewing our wills, he doth persuade and enable us to embrace Jesus Christ, freely offered to us in the gospel.(5)
Quest. 32. What benefits do they that are effectually called partake of in this life?
Ans. 32. They that are effectually called do in this life partake of justification, adoption, and sanctification, and the several benefits which in this life do either accompany or flow from them. 三十三問：什麽是稱義？ 答：稱義是上帝的作爲，出於他白白的恩典，由此而赦免我們一切的罪，並悅納我們爲義人，這僅是因爲基督的義歸於我們，且惟獨用信心才能接受的 。 Quest. 33. What is justification?
Ans. 33. Justification is an act of God's free grace, wherein he pardoneth all our sins, and accepteth us as righteous in his sight, only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us, and received by faith alone.
Ans. 35. Sanctification is the work of God's free grace, whereby we are renewed in the whole man after the image of God, and are enabled more and more to die unto sin, and live unto righteousness. 三十六問：我們今生從稱義、得兒子的名分和成聖得到什麽益處呢？ 答：今生從稱義、得兒子的名分和成聖所得的益處乃是： 對上帝慈愛的確信，良心的平安，在聖靈裏的喜樂， 恩典的增多，和在其中至終的保守。
Quest. 36. What are the benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification?
Ans. 36. The benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification, are, assurance of God's love, peace of conscience, joy in the Holy Ghost, increase of grace, and perseverance therein to the end.